Inspiration And The Bible: No Breathing Room For Error


In the last few centuries, certain Bible scholars and champions of higher criticism have devoted significant time, energy, and resources in an attempt to redefine or completely remove a “thorn in their flesh”—the biblical doctrine of inspiration. Specifically, it is has been the plenary [full/complete] verbal inspiration of the Bible that has irked and agitated the unregenerate heart to no end.

However, despite the best efforts of many post-Enlightenment rationalists, there just isn’t any room to breathe a different kind of air than that of Spirit of God, what He has spoken, and still call it “Christian.” Besides, it’s a fool’s errand to try and cast off the restraints of the long-held doctrine of biblical inspiration (c.f. Ps. 2:3). For the wise, obedient, and Bible-believing child of God, the choice is clear: it’s all or nothing.

Throughout the history of Israel and the early years of the Church, there wasn’t any talk of “partial-inspiration,” nor did any copyist’s error cause the persevering believer to see the Scriptures as anything less than “the Word of God.” Inspiration was assumed, and obedience to every word was a non-negotiable. So what has changed?

Will Christianity eventually collapse under the alleged weight of evidence against the inerrancy of Scripture, or will the skeptics have to eat crow when the Bible is proven to be without error and truly “God-breathed” through and through?

To those who deny the full verbal inspiration of the Scriptures and are still waiting for a blissful future without the LORD of the God-breathed Bible, may every faithful Christian respond, “Don’t hold your breath!”
Inspiration Threatened, Inerrancy and Authority Under Siege

The Princeton theologian and stalwart defender of the faith, B.B. Warfield, stood his ground during the heyday of a liberal wave sweeping through American seminaries and other academic institutions in the early 1900s. In a compilation of his works entitled The Inspiration and Authority of the Bible, Warfield illustrates [hilariously] the utter futility of any modern critic who seeks to evade and escape the overwhelming evidence for the historic doctrine of inspiration:

The effort to explain away the Bible’s witness to its plenary inspiration reminds one of a man standing safely in his laboratory and elaborately expounding—possibly by the aid of diagrams and mathematical formulae—how every stone in an avalanche has a defined pathway and may easily be dodged by one of some presence of mind. We may fancy such an elaborate trifler’s triumph as he would analyze the avalanche into its constituent stones, and demonstrate of stone after stone that its pathway is definite, limited, and may easily be avoided. But avalanches, unfortunately, do not come upon us, stone by stone, one at a time, courteously leaving us opportunity to withdraw from the pathway of each in turn: but all at once, in a roaring mass of destruction…” (pg. 119-20).

He captures the hubris of a post-Enlightenment rationalist beautifully and then drives the point home:

…these texts of ours [Holy Scripture], again, unfortunately do not come upon us in this artificial isolation; neither are they few in number. There are scores, hundreds, of them: and they come bursting upon us in one solid mass…Let us, however, but open our eyes to the variety and pervasiveness of the New Testament witness to its high estimate of Scripture, and we shall no longer wonder that modern scholarship finds itself compelled to allow that the Christian church has read her records correctly, and that the church-doctrine of inspiration is simply a transcript of the biblical doctrine; nor shall we any longer wonder that the church, receiving these Scriptures as her authoritative teacher of doctrine, adopted in the very beginnings of her life, the doctrine of plenary inspiration, and has held it with a tenacity that knows no wavering, until the present hour” (pg. 120, bracketed explanation and emphasis mine).

Every generation of the Church, from 1st-century conception right up to our present day, has had a counter-attack of some kind. For example, we discover the manifestations of unseen evil powers in our own realm through the writings of the apostles and subsequent generations of church leaders.

Thus, Warfield and others of his tribe were truly courageous during a time when the Church was being threatened from within by a monumental assault on the inspiration and authority of the Bible: a doctrine that Warfield called an “indispensable safeguard of a sure word of God” (Inspiration and Authority, pg. 124). The ramifications of this attack have been deep and severe, and we see in our own generation what a post-Christian society breeds after it has dispensed with “outdated doctrines” and redefined biblical terms in order to justify sin and rebellion.

All of this should come as no surprise to those well-versed in Scripture. We were warned about the wolves in sheep’s clothing, the cunning schemes of a depraved mind, and the empty philosophies that undermine the authority of Christ—the Word of God (Acts 20:29-31Eph. 4:14Col. 2:8).

Clearing the Air by Defining “Inspiration”

Paul passed on to Timothy a warning and then directed his focus to the “sacred writings,” which he had known and relied on since childhood. First, the warning:

Evil people and impostors will become worse, deceiving and being deceived” (2 Tim. 3:13, HCSB).

Second, the exhortation to follow in the steps of tried-and-true, godly examples (such as his believing grandmother and mother – 2 Tim. 1:5), holding to what he was taught from the Bible [at that time, only the Old Testament]:

You, however, continue in the things you have learned and become convinced of, knowing from whom you have learned them, and that from childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus” (2 Tim. 3:14-15, NASB).

Finally, an explanatory verse answering why the sacred writings are completely trustworthy and reliable:

All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2 Tim. 3:16, ESV).

At last, here it is: 2 Timothy 3:16. We now arrive at our chief text from which we derive the theological term “inspiration.” Lest there be any confusion, or “breathing room,” for the skeptic to justify human error in the words of Scripture, we need to dig a little deeper into this term “inspiration” and see specifically how the Greek term theopneustos [lit. “God-breathed”] should be understood in this crucial text.

The English theological term “inspiration” is thoroughly entrenched in our circles and has its usefulness, so there is no sense in trying to upend it now. However, it is a bit of a misleading translation of the Greek word, because it lacks precision.

Now some folks may think this is quibbling, but if you are a careful student of the Word, then this will sharpen your understanding of what Paul is conveying by his use of the term theopneustos (c.f. 2 Tim. 2:15). Working backward from the English, we can trace the term “inspiration,” back to the Latin Vulgate translation of the Greek, and Jerome renders theopneustos as divinitus inspirata. 

Here’s a helpful word from Warfield again:

The Greek term has, however, nothing to say of inspiring or of inspiration: it speaks only of a ‘spiring’ or ‘spiration.’ What it says of Scripture is, not that it is ‘breathed into by God’ or is the product of the Divine ‘inbreathing’ into its human authors, but that it is breathed out by God, ‘God-breathed,’ the product of the creative breath of God. In a word, what is declared by this fundamental passage is simply that the Scriptures are a Divine product, without any indication of how God has operated in producing them” (Inspiration and Authority, pg. 133, emphasis mine).

So, technically speaking, if you are going to use the Latin-English vernacular, the theological term “inspiration” should really be a “spiration.” But since we don’t speak of “spirations” too often and might get a deer-in-the-headlights look at church if we say the Bible is “a spiration of God,” the transliteration “God-breathed” is more accurate and perfectly acceptable (hence, the explanation behind some of the English versions such as the ESV, NIV, YLT, etc.).

This narrowed definition should clear up the confusion for us modern English speakers, whose concept of inspiration is something akin to “a motivational burst of creative energy.” Were the prophets and apostles merely helped by God, a little here and a little there, to produce the Scriptures? Should we understand inspiration to be another version of “God helps the prophets who help themselves?” The biblical answer is an emphatic, “No!”

The original manuscripts of Scripture are God-breathed, flawless from their conception in the LORD’s mind to the finished product delivered through His chosen instruments. Once more, I give you a clarifying word from Warfield:

This term [inspiration] is not a Biblical term and its etymological implications are not perfectly accordant with the Biblical conception of the modes of the Divine operation in giving the Scriptures. The Biblical writers do not conceive of the Scriptures as a human product breathed into by the Divine Spirit, and thus heightened in its qualities or endowed with new qualities; but as a Divine product produced through the instrumentality of men” (Inspiration and Authority, pg. 153, bracketed explanation and emphasis mine).

Furthermore, a sister passage related to inspiration is 2 Peter 1:20-21. We get confirmation and clarification from Peter, a second apostle who agrees with Paul about the origin and final product of Scripture. Warfield continues:

The Scriptural conception of the relation of the Divine Spirit to the human authors in the production of Scripture is better expressed by the figure of ‘bearing’ [c.f. 2 Pet. 1:21] than by the figure of ‘inbreathing’; and when our Biblical writers speak of the action of the Spirit of God in this relation as a breathing [spiration], they represent it as a ‘breathing out’ of the Scriptures by the Spirit, and not a ‘breathing into’ the Scriptures by Him” (Inspiration and Authority, pg. 154, bracketed explanation and emphasis mine).

In other words, my brothers and sisters in Christ, there is no breathing room for human error when it comes to the Scriptures. God was in total control of the process, and what we have received from the prophets and apostles is exactly what God intends for us to hear.

Consequently, a correct understanding of the biblical doctrine of inspiration naturally results in a Word of God that is thoroughly authoritative and “God-breathed;” every “jot and tittle” (Matt. 5:18, KJV) is therefore trustworthy and profitable for our growth and maturity in the Lord Jesus Christ.

Breathing Easier and Living with Corrupt Copies

No matter how well you explain and defend the inspiration and inerrancy of Scripture, there will always be those who stumble over the fact that we do not possess the original manuscripts, a.k.a. the autographa.

Norman Geisler and his team at the “Defending Inerrancy” website (here) have provided an excellent resource for the Church to understand what’s at stake when inerrancy is doubted. Also, under a section entitled “How to Answer Critics,” he includes a helpful illustration by way of biblical analogy for those who struggle with the fact that we have to wade through copies [which do contain minor corruptions] in order to arrive at the original text of Scripture:

The reason the original text cannot err is that it was breathed out by God, and God cannot err. The copies, while demonstrated to have been providentially preserved from substantial error, are not breathed out by God. Hence, there can be errors in the copies. To demonstrate, all human beings are imperfect copies of Adam, who was directly created by God. Nonetheless, as imperfect a copy as we may be, we are still 100 percent human. Adam was no more human than we are, yet there is a significant difference between Adam as he came fresh from the hand of the Creator, with absolutely no imperfections, and the imperfect copies of the original Adam that we are. We can no more conceive of God’s breathing out an imperfect original text than we can of His breathing the breath of life into an imperfect Adam. What comes directly from the hand (or mouth) of the Creator must be perfect, and only later copies of it can be imperfect. To claim errors in the original Adam or Bible is to allege that there are flaws in the very nature of God” (selected from Geisler’s, Systematic Theology, Vol. 1, Introduction, Bible, pg. 499-512, emphasis mine).

Geisler is spot-on here and and his reasoning jives with Warfield’s exposition of the narrowed, biblical definition of inspiration. The apostles Paul and Peter, physical descendants of Israel and inheritors of a Bible that consisted of extant copies (Rom. 3:2), had no issue grasping the concept of a fully God-breathed, authoritative Bible, and neither should we.

An immediate and direct creation of God is always produced without impurity or error, and the words of Scripture are no exception. Also, God’s direct creation is described as being brought forth by means of His mouth or breath, which is a concept evident from the beginning (Gen. 1:32:7) and seen throughout the rest of the Bible (c.f. Job 33:4Matt. 4:4Jn. 20:22). Thus, Paul’s defense in 2 Tim. 3:16 is as legitimate for us today as it was for Timothy back then—all Scripture, or every book in the accepted and received canon of the Bible, is breathed-out by God and completely reliable.

So, dear friends, hopefully this little study has “inspired” you to revisit the biblical doctrine of inspiration and strengthened your faith in the inerrant, infallible Scriptures. The Holy Bible is given to us by the “spiration” of God [i.e. its a God-breathed product] without error or the possibility of “expiration.” Hallelujah!

The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever” (Isa. 40:8, ESV).

Amen! (Click to Source)



B’ha’alotkha – When you set up – “Prophets All”



When you set up

Numbers 8:1-12:16
Zechariah 2:14-4:7

“Prophets All”

by Mark Huey

As we look at this week’s Torah portion, B’ha’alotkha or “When you set up,” we are directed to the continuing saga of Ancient Israel, and some of the trials and tribulations of its sojourn through the wilderness wanderings. Among the things we encounter, Moses is given the design for the menorah or lampstand that is to be placed in the Tent of Meeting.[1] This seven-branched candelabrum is to illuminate the Holy of Holies where the Ark of the Covenant is located. Specific instructions are given for the Levites, who are dedicated to serve the Almighty.[2] It is also noted that the requirements for sojourners who have joined themselves to the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, are identical to those as the native born.[3]

In one of the unique passages of the Torah, Numbers 10:35-36 are actually separated out by two inverted Hebrew letter nuns.[4] These are editorial markers that have been placed in the text by copyists, to denote that this is something which needs to be paid attention to:

V’yehi binso’a ha’aron v’yomer Moshe, “Qumah ADONAI v’yafutzu o’vekha v’yanusu mesanekha mipanekha, u’venuchoh yomar shuvah ADONAI riv’vot alfei Yisrael

Numbers 10:35-36 are certainly important verses in the Torah, communicating how Ancient Israel would move in the desert, and they implore God to protect Israel from its enemies:

“Thus they set out from the mount of the LORD three days’ journey, with the ark of the covenant of the LORD journeying in front of them for the three days, to seek out a resting place for them. The cloud of the LORD was over them by day when they set out from the camp. Then it came about when the ark set out that Moses said, ‘Rise up, O LORD! And let Your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate You flee before You.’ When it came to rest, he said, ‘Return, O LORD, to the myriad thousands of Israel’” (Numbers 10:33-36).

A theological explanation, for the two inverted nuns, is obviously so that Torah readers can pay attention to the significance of these verses.[5] Textual explanations also exist, in that there is some doubt as to whether or not Numbers 10:35-36 are actually in their correct place within the Hebrew text, possibly being dislocated,[6] as the Greek Septuagint testifies to a slightly different arrangement for Numbers 10:33-36. This is not at all something, though, that communicates any difference of content:

[33] And they departed from the mount of the Lord a three days’ journey; and the ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them a three days’ journey to provide rest for them. [35] And it came to pass when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Arise, O Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered: let all that hate thee flee. [36] And in the resting he said, Turn again, O Lord, the thousands and tens of thousands in Israel.[34] And the cloud overshadowed them by day, when they departed from the camp.[7]

From Numbers 10:35-36, we see a significant declaration issued by Moses, indicating how critical it would be for the Israelites to appeal to the Lord and His power prior to moving the Ark of the Covenant. These verses undoubtedly communicate a sincere reverence for the Word of God, and its Divine inspiration. By remembering that God has the power to scatter the enemies of His people, each of us today must entreat the Holy One to protect us and preserve us—as opposed to us relying on our own human strength. It should not be surprising for us to know that Numbers 10:35-36 is recited, along with Micah 4:1-3 and Isaiah 2:2-4, every Shabbat in the traditional liturgy of the Jewish Synagogue before the Torah scroll is removed for reading.[8]

Following this important word, B’ha’alotkha now turns to the incessant complaints of the Israelites, and how the Lord dealt with their insurrection and demands for food and the culinary comforts of Egypt.[9] The introduction of the quail for food, and the response of Moses to the judgment that is meted out upon these recalcitrant people, gives us a real sense of Moses’ heart and love for them. Moses has a real willingness to step out for the Israelites, in spite of their negative and thankless attitudes:

“So Moses said to the LORD, ‘Why have You been so hard on Your servant? And why have I not found favor in Your sight, that You have laid the burden of all this people on me? Was it I who conceived all this people? Was it I who brought them forth, that You should say to me, “Carry them in your bosom as a nurse carries a nursing infant, to the land which You swore to their fathers”? Where am I to get meat to give to all this people? For they weep before me, saying, “Give us meat that we may eat!” I alone am not able to carry all this people, because it is too burdensome for me. So if You are going to deal thus with me, please kill me at once, if I have found favor in Your sight, and do not let me see my wretchedness’” (Numbers 11:11-15).

At this point in Israel’s experiences, we see that Moses is ready to offer himself for the needs of his people. The solution to the frustration that Moses felt, even though he surely served Israel without reservation, was that Moses’ leadership responsibilities would be divided among seventy elders. Moses would not have to lead Ancient Israel, presumably mostly by himself:

“The LORD therefore said to Moses, ‘Gather for Me seventy men from the elders of Israel, whom you know to be the elders of the people and their officers and bring them to the tent of meeting, and let them take their stand there with you. Then I will come down and speak with you there, and I will take of the Spirit who is upon you, and will put Him upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with you, so that you will not bear it all alone’” (Numbers 11:16-17).

As you consider the requirements for leadership in the camp of Ancient Israel, you can read that Moses simply knew who those were, intended to be chosen to “have experience as elders and officers of the people” (NJPS). Moses chose individuals of the highest caliber.The instructions witnessed in the Torah, for the leaders of Ancient Israel, affected later generations of Israelites as the Promised Land was settled, as well as informed the leadership structures of the Jewish Synagogue during the time of Yeshua and the emerging Messianic movement of the First Century.

After Moses chose the seventy elders who would assist with the administration of the Ancient Israelites, the Holy One then was able to pour out His Spirit upon them. As a result of this occurring, we see that various individuals in the camp of Israel began to prophesy:

“So Moses went out and told the people the words of the LORD. Also, he gathered seventy men of the elders of the people, and stationed them around the tent. Then the LORD came down in the cloud and spoke to him; and He took of the Spirit who was upon him and placed Him upon the seventy elders. And when the Spirit rested upon them, they prophesied. But they did not do it again. But two men had remained in the camp; the name of one was Eldad and the name of the other Medad. And the Spirit rested upon them (now they were among those who had been registered, but had not gone out to the tent), and they prophesied in the camp. So a young man ran and told Moses and said, ‘Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp.’ Then Joshua the son of Nun, the attendant of Moses from his youth, said, ‘Moses, my lord, restrain them.’ But Moses said to him, ‘Are you jealous for my sake? Would that all the LORD’s people were prophets, that the LORD would put His Spirit upon them!’ Then Moses returned to the camp, both he and the elders of Israel” (Numbers 11:24-30).

In an incredible display of God’s grace toward His people, He placed His Spirit upon the seventy elders who had been selected for leadership. Apparently, there were two who were chosen to lead, but who did not attend the initial outpouring of the Spirit upon the other sixty-eight. All of a sudden within the camp, Eldad and Medad were found prophesying in the camp, and Joshua came and reported this activity to Moses, having thought that perhaps they were out of order.

The response of Moses is quite interesting, as he admonished Joshua for his concern. Moses already knew that God wanted the seventy to help lead Israel. Moses’ response, “I wish that all the LORD’s people were prophets and that the LORD would put his Spirit on them!” (Numbers 11:29, NIV), indicates that he was desiring all of Israel to be in a position to prophesy or speak forth God’s truth with clarity.

Being able to speak forth important admonitions, from the Lord, is something that our Heavenly Father surely desires for all of His children. In the Apostle Paul’s description of various ministry functions within the Body of Messiah—whether one is an apostle, a prophet, an evangelist, or a pastor or a teacher—all are to be guided by the Holy Spirit and speak forth the Lord’s message with clarity and maturity:

“And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Messiah; until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fullness of Messiah. As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming; but speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all aspects into Him who is the head, even Messiah” (Ephesians 4:11-15).

The goal of these, and various other jobs to be performed within the Body of Messiah, is so that all Believers may attain unity within the faith, and be mature. All of the Believers, properly functioning together, are to necessarily point to the Head or the Source of all: Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ).

One of the critical aspects required for any leadership position, within the Body of Messiah, is the ability to speak forth God’s truth in love. The only way to do this is by allowing the agapē love of the Holy Spirit to speak through us. This requires a person not only to be born again, but also to be committed to a life of holiness and steady growth in the Lord. Just like Moses desired that all of Israel would prophesy, so too are gifts of prophecy and many others, to be present among the community of Messiah followers today.

The other Apostles also give us fair warning about the need to be able to discern what are truly genuine words originating from the Spirit of God, and what are not. The Apostle Peter warns about the need to discern between a true prophetic utterance and what is not, emphasizing how he was present at the Mount of Transfiguration when he saw Yeshua the Messiah in all of His exalted glory:

“For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty. For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, ‘This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased’—and we ourselves heard this utterance made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain. So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts. But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God” (2 Peter 1:16-21).

In this day and age, when we have been warned incessantly throughout the Scriptures that many false teachers and false prophets will arise to deceive people, we need to be mindful of the imperative to check everything we hear through the grid of the Bible. This is why it is so critical that we establish a working knowledge of Scripture, beginning with the laws of the Torah, and consistent with the actual Prophets and Apostles of God themselves. Here is an extremely worthwhile example to consider, because it is very clear that God Himself is going to send false signs and wonders to test His people, and determine if they are following Him or some other spirit:

“If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, and the sign or the wonder comes true, concerning which he spoke to you, saying, ‘Let us go after other gods (whom you have not known) and let us serve them,’ you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams; for the LORD your God is testing you to find out if you love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. You shall follow the LORD your God and fear Him; and you shall keep His commandments, listen to His voice, serve Him, and cling to Him” (Deuteronomy 13:1-4).

Imagine a statute of “the Virgin Mary” crying with actual tears coming from the stone or marble. To many in the world, this sounds like a tremendous sign or miracle that one might even witness with his or her very own eyes. What is one to do, especially when the people who are showing you this sign are trying to impress you?

First of all, given the fact that there have been many “manufactured miracles” witnessed in the course of Roman Catholic history, it is appropriate that a critical person question whether something supernatural has really transpired. There are many perceived supernatural or spiritual occurrences, which are actually man-made.

Secondly, just because something “supernatural” occurs, does not automatically mean that it originates from God. Those who know the Torah, or Law of God, should be instinctly aware of the Second Commandment, and its prohibition of making statutes or carved images to be used in worship:

“You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth” (Exodus 20:4; cf. Deuteronomy 5:8-9).

When you know that God does not permit graven images to be used for, or in, worship, a statue of the Virgin Mary apparently crying can be immediately disregarded as originating from Him. This is something that would violate the Second Commandment.

Can you think of any other examples of so-called “signs” or “miracles” that might occur today, but clearly do not align with the character of the Holy Scriptures, or the testimonies that it gives us of the kinds of signs we should legitimately expect to see? There are probably many supernatural occurrences you have either seen or witnessed, which are “supernatural” only in the sense that human beings are not responsible for them—and they actually come from the forces of darkness. It is a sobering and scary thought, but we each need to realize that demonic signs will actually become more treacherous, slippery, and commonplace the sooner we get to the return of Yeshua. The need to know what the Scriptures say about these things is absolutely critical, for discerning what is from the Lord, and also what is from the Adversary. Yeshua Himself warned His Disciples that false signs will be prevalent in the Last Days:

“For false messiahs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, so as to mislead, if possible, even the elect. Behold, I have told you beforehand. If therefore they say to you, ‘Behold, He is in the wilderness,’ do not go forth, or, ‘Behold, He is in the inner chambers,’ do not believe it” (Matthew 24:24-26).

This is a stern warning that false messiahs and false prophets “will appear and produce great signs and omens” (NRSV) that will challenge the elect of God to discern from where these manifestations emanate. I would urge you to be warned of many false signs and wonders that do not line up with instruction of God in the Torah, or any part of the Bible for that matter. For those of us who are trying to reestablish a firm foundation for our faith, we should exhibit some skepticism when we hear about many of the “miracles” present throughout Pentecostal and charismatic Christianity today. Are they genuine, or are they deception?

We need to all know the Word of God and inculcate it into our hearts and minds every day! Certainly, Moses desired that all would prophesy. But, he also wanted all to be filled with God’s Holy Spirit, as the Spirit through His people would do the prophesying. This is available today as we submit our wills to His will. As we seek to be led by the Spirit and walk by the Spirit, we can let all of the Lord’s words come forth from our innermost being. May this be the testimony for one and all!


[1] Numbers 8:1-4.

[2] Numbers 8:5-26.

[3] Cf. Numbers 9:14.

[4] See Karl Elliger and Wilhelm Rudolph, et. al., eds., Biblica Hebraica Stuttgartensia(Stuttgart: Deutche Bibelgesellschaft, 1977), 231; and Aron Dotan, ed., Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2001), 213.

[5] Cf. Hertz, Pentateuch & Haftorahs, 613.

[6] Cf. Kelley, Mynatt, and Crawford, pp 34-35.

[7] Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton, ed & trans., The Septuagint With Apocrypha (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999), 188.

[8] Hertz, The Authorised Daily Prayer Book, pp 473-475; Scherman and Zlotowitz, Complete ArtScroll Siddur, pp 471-473; Harlow, Siddur Sim Shalom, 139.

[9] Numbers 11:1-35.

Lake Missoula Creation Conference Coming to Missoula


By Mike Mueller, Conference Director

Why is a Creation Conference Important? Why does it Matter?

The debate is ongoing: did the world evolve or was it created? If it was created, did it take billions of years or was it made by God in six 24-hour days? Was there a global flood? How does the newest scientific evidence match up with biblical accounts? Where does Darwin fit into the picture? Who is telling the truth? A “Science and the Bible” conference will address these questions and more. Regardless of your opinions on the subject, this conference should be interesting and challenging to your thinking.

We all look at the world through a pair of glasses (our personal preconceptions) which affect how we interpret the world around us and how we make decisions about what to believe, who to follow, where to put our faith, or how to develop our opinions in life. Our worldviews can be naturalistic, humanistic, biblical, or a combination. Our starting point can greatly influence our ongoing interpretations of evidence. Many Americans used to have as their foundation a biblical worldview, but that has changed to a more naturalistic or humanistic approach to life. Many now believe current and troubling social issues are symptoms of this foundational change. Recent observational science and discovery seems to support a creator and point us back to the authority of the Holy Bible. The Bible has had more impact around the world than any other book ever written. The Bible contains an ancient account of historical science.

Today through advances in technology, science, computers, microscopes, telescopes, geology, astronomy, medicine, and in general because of the overwhelming increase of available information and knowledge, biblical answers seem reasonable for many of the most common questions about our origins. Have these questions already been answered? Is the science of origins as taught in the schools factual? Has science disproven the Bible? A number of scientists are finding reasons to answer, “No.” New scientific evidence can shed light on the age of the earth and universe, creation, and dinosaurs. This new evidence does not have widespread coverage, so the purpose of this conference is to make it available for consideration. Some evidence seems to indicate a younger earth than has previously been taught, and it is very compelling. New evidence seems to support the creation week as written in Genesis 1 and Exodus 20:11. (Click to Article)

WHO IS THE REAL ENEMY? By Pastor Roger Anghis

george washington

We have been bombarded over the last few months with information as to the enemies that are a threat to the United States. Those that are paying attention don’t have to be told who the enemy is. Those that are not informed have to be told. Rush Limbaugh calls these uninformed voters. For the most part they look for the (D) after the name when voting and pay no attention to the character of the man/woman nor the platform behind that name.

The Department of Justice has declared that any person that believes that the government should operate according to the Constitution, as they have sworn to do, are probable terrorist. This may sound off the wall but they are training police, firefighters and employees of Department of Homeland Security that those that support what our Founding Fathers fought and died for are the biggest threat to America’s security. Here is a quote from a recent article concerning a DOJ training manual.

“A leaked training manual used in the State and Local Anti-Terrorism Training (SLATT) program for law enforcement and funded by the Department of Justice lists political bumper stickers expressing opposition to the United Nations and support for the bill of rights as indications of terrorist activity.

The presentation documents, leaked to the Public Intelligence website, are entitled Terrorism Training For Law Enforcement and are marked “law enforcement sensitive.” The program is funded by grants from the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance.

Slides for the presentation depict the kind of behavior that law enforcement officials should be wary of in spotting potential terrorists during highway patrols.

One of the slides – entitled “Fourth Amendment Issues” – notes that “a suspicious map located on the passenger seat” could warrant further investigation as a potential indicator of terrorism.

Another slide entitled “General Right Wing Extremist” – depicts suspicious bumper stickers that should warrant further investigation by cops conducting traffic stops.

The bumper stickers read, “Know Your Rights Or Lose Them,” and “If You Love Your Country, the U.N. Is Not Your Friend!,” and “Get US Out Of the United Nations”.

Under the category of “Special-Interest/Single Issue Terrorism,” the slide characterizes people who hold political opinions that “represent a fairly popular point of view” as terrorists. Anti-abortion activists are also listed as terrorists under this category.

Another slide lists people who are “antigenetic engineering” as terrorists. Presumably, that includes people who are concerned about a new study which found that rats fed with genetically-engineered Monsanto corn suffered premature deaths.”

In 2001 a FEMA training program called Christians terrorists. Called the Founding Fathers terrorists. The opposition for the Patriot Act is continuing to grow because it violates so many aspects of our Constitution. I am not the biggest fan of Senator Rand Paul as his stance on the NDAA which violates our 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th and 14th Amendments as well as parts of the Constitution itself and immigration, I believe, are in direct violation of so many of our Constitutional rights and the laws of America that they are almost too many to discuss, but he has opposed many provisions of the Patriot Act. In a letter to his colleagues on February 15, 2011 he stated: “My main objection to the PATRIOT Act is that searches that should require a judge’s warrant are performed with a letter from an FBI agent—a National Security Letter (“NSL”).

I object to these warrantless searches being performed on United States citizens.

I object to the 200,000 NSL searches that have been performed without a judge’s warrant.

I object to over 2 million searches of bank records, called Suspicious Activity Reports, performed on U.S. citizens without a judge’s warrant.

Congress instead hastily passed a long-standing wish list of power grabs like warrantless searches and roving wiretaps. The government greatly expanded its own power, ignoring obvious answers in favor of the permanent expansion of a police state.

Other provisions of the PATRIOT Act previously made permanent and not scheduled to expire present even greater concerns. These include the use and abuse by the FBI of so-called National Security Letters. These secret demand letters, which allow the government to obtain financial records and other sensitive information held by Internet Service Providers, banks, credit companies, and telephone carriers—all without appropriate judicial oversight—also impose a gag order on recipients.”

These are all legitimate concerns about the violations they pose to an American’s constitutional rights. If you are not a citizen, that is another story as I do not believe that a non-citizen should have the same rights as an American citizen.

When you look at how our government is reacting to an American’s concern about the deterioration of our rights granted by our Constitution, it is the government that is now the biggest threat to our national security. If you are a pro-gun supporter, you are considered a national security threat. If you are pro-life you are considered a national security threat.

If you don’t support the U.S.’s involvement with the UN you are considered a national security threat. If you support traditional marriage you are considered a national security threat. And now the latest from Big Sis, Janet Napalitano, if you are a veteran you are considered a national security threat and there have been pieces of legislation introduced to Congress to disarm our veterans.

The movement within the federal government to restrict our gun rights which has been supported by virtually ever Democrat in every State is growing ever stronger. Senator Harry Reid is proposing legislation to tax Americans that exercise their 2nd Amendment rights. Another Democrat has introduced legislation to fine a gun owner $10,000 for not carrying liability insurance to cover the cost of the damage done by someone who steals their gun and commits a crime. That is effectively making one of the victims of a crime pay for the crime. I would like to see how our Constitution supports that. Our 4th Amendment guarantees that we cannot be charged without ‘probable cause’. Owning a gun that was stolen is not ‘probable cause’.

The US has agreed to the UN Arms Treaty which calls for the disarming of anyone over the age of 55 because, as the report states: . “And as we do, our reflexes diminish, our senses become impaired and our cognitive skills weaken … Therefore, as we enter our twilight years – clinically speaking, age 50 and above [Global life expectancy is only 67 years] – science tells us that we are in no shape to be handling or using a deadly weapon.”

Here is another violation of our 4th Amendment that DHS now has the right to do: Department of Homeland Security Can Seize Gold, Silver, Guns in Safety Deposit Boxes According to in-house memos now circulating, the DHS has issued orders to banks across America which announce to them that “under the Patriot Act” the DHS has the absolute right to seize, without any warrant whatsoever, any and all customer bank accounts, to make “periodic and unannounced” visits to any bank to open and inspect the contents of “selected safe deposit boxes.”

Further, the DHS “shall, at the discretion of the agent supervising the search, remove, photograph or seize as evidence” any of the following items “bar gold, gold coins, firearms of any kind unless manufactured prior to 1878, documents such as passports or foreign bank account records, pornography or any material that, in the opinion of the agent, shall be deemed of to be of a contraband nature.” Along with this it is also illegal for the bank to inform anyone who’s safety deposit box has been viewed or the contents been siezed! Who is the enemy of America?

Looking very briefly at what is happening in our schools we see not education but outright indoctrination. Just recently at John Hopkins University a pro-life group wanted to organize, however the University refused to allow them that right. The Student Government Association at Johns Hopkins University compared pro-life students to white supremacists and denied them official club status at the school. White Supremacist? For being pro-life? This is indoctrination for the global agenda where population control is number one.

Here is another case where a 15 year old was harrased so bad by his teacher for being a Republican that he had to transfer to another school. Even after complaining to the school official, nothing was ever done to the teacher. This is not education but indoctrination into the left’s political ideology.

Information is out now about the ‘Underware Bomber’ that he was actually an operative for the CIA! Why has it taken over three years for this information to come out.

Our members of Congress have sworn an oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States and the laws of this nation. Most have never read the Constitution and could care less about the restrictions that it imposes. When the fed’s and some States began imposing gun laws that are in direct violation of our constitutonally protected 2nd Amendment rights many sheriffs declared that they would not enforce the laws that violate the 2nd Amendment. In Texas Democrats have introduct legislation that would have these sheriffs removed from office if they uphold the oath they swore.

In Colorado they have 30 elected sheriffs and all of them testified before the Colorado Senate Judiciary Committee and stated that the 8 laws they were debating were all violations of the Constitution and our 2nd Amendment rights and they could not and would not enforce any of them. Two Democrat State legislators proposed a bill that would hold up a pay raise they have been waiting for for over seven years to be withheld until they do violate their oath to uphold the Constitution. Kudos to the people of Colorado as they have started recall petitions for 4 Democrats that voted for these guns restrictions. Two have been granted and are now collecting signatures and two are in the process of approval.

When you look at all of this, and this is just scratching the surface of what is going on, it is not the average American citizen that is a threat to our national security, the ones who demand that we operate by the Constitution, the ones who demand we be left free to exercise their 2nd Amendment rights, the ones who demand that America support the institution of traditional marriage, the ones who demand that we support a pro-life position.

But maybe the biggest problem with our government is We the People. Congress has a 9% approval rating yet we returned 90% of Congress to Washington! Abraham Lincoln once said “Now more than ever before, the people of the United States are responsible, for the Character of Their Congress. If That Body be Ignorant Reckless and Corrupt, it is Because the People Tolerate Ignorance Recklessness and Corruption”. We the People have tolerated those that wish to destroy America. That is the only reason that we are in the shape that we are in.

I see it as the government’s complete abandonment of the ideals and principles given to us by our Founders that is a threat to our national security. They have become the threat to our freedoms and rights and we must recognize this and use our election process to correct the problems that we ourselves have created by not paying attention to whom we put into office. The choice is ours. Thomas Paine stated “It is the duty of the Patriot to protect his country from its government.”

This statement by Samuel Adams is just as meaningful for today’s generationa s it is for his generation: “The liberties of our country, the freedom of our Constitution, are worth defending at all hazards; and it is our duty to defend them against all attacks. It will bring an everlasting mark of infamy on the present generation, enlightened as it is, if we should suffer them to be wrested from us by violence without a struggle, or to be cheated out of them by the artifices of false and designing men.”

Daniel Webster also warned us about complacency: “Hold on, my friends, to the Constitution and to the Republic for which it stands. Miracles do not cluster and what has happened once in 6,000 years may not happen again. Hold on to the Constitution!”

The battle is ours. Do you hear the call to war?

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