It came as a shock, at least to the public, a UN Security Council resolution condemning Israel that the US refused to veto. UN resolutions critical of Israel are as common as Russian and Chinese hackers. Only those promulgated by the Security Council, however, have serious ramifications. The US is one of five permanent members of the Security Council. Any of these five members can veto a Security Council resolution. The US has reliably, but not always, vetoed such resolutions critical of Israel. What happened this time? What are the repercussions?
To begin we turn to the Bible. In fulfillment of God’s promise to Abraham and the patriarchs, God led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the land of Canaan (later Israel) somewhere between 1400-1200 BC. From then until 70 AD sizable Israelite and later Jewish communities resided in the land. The boundaries of the land changed constantly depending upon historical events. Solomon’s empire (950 BC) and possibly another under Alexander Janneus (90 BC) saw the boundaries expand to the largest area – from present day Iraq to the Sinai Peninsula. Regardless of the extent of land acquisition, the Bible clearly promises “the land” to the Jewish people.
Following the Roman-Jewish wars (66-70 AD, 131-135 AD), Jews were forcibly removed from the land of Israel. In the year 130 the Roman Emperor, Hadrian, renamed the land Palestine. Until 1948 various groups and empires ruled the land. While it appears there was always a small Jewish remnant present, the concept of returning to “the land” was relegated to hope and prayer. That changed with the rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th century. At first small numbers of Jews seeking to escape Russian persecution made their way to the land (then controlled by the Ottoman Empire), purchased plots from typically absentee Arab landowners, and began farming the land. By the early 20th century more Jews migrated to the land under the Zionist banner of a homeland for the Jews, buttressed by the Biblical promise of Jews returning to their homeland. (Click to Article)